上海高校政策咨询会

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-数字时代个人隐私安全堪忧Pt.2

2022-08-08 来源:众凯考研英语二

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


Psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, that it's important to reveal yourself to friends, family and lovers in stages, at appropriate times. But few boundaries remain. The digital bread crumbs(碎屑) you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are, where you are and what you like. In some cases, a simple Google search can reveal what you think. Like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret.

For many Americans, the answer apparently is "no."

When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losing it. A survey found an overwhelming pessimism about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is "slipping away, and that bothers me."

短文翻译

心理学家告诉我们和别人保持界限是健康的,而且在适当的时候逐步地向你的朋友、家人和恋人透露你的个人情况很重要。但是现在已经没有多少界限存在了。你处处留下的“数字面包屑”很容易让陌生人推想出你是谁,你在哪里,你对什么感兴趣。在有些情况下,一次简单的Google搜索就可以暴露你的想法。无论我们喜欢与否,我们越来越生活在一个无法保有秘密的世界里。

对于许多美国人来说,答案很明显是“没有关系”。

当民意调查问及美国人有关隐私的问题时,大多数人说他们对于失去隐私颇为担心。一次调查发现人们对于隐私普遍持悲观态度,60%的受访者说他们觉得隐私正在“离自己远去,而这让我很忧心”。

重点单词详解

1.Psychologists(n.心理学家,研究心理学者)

A gifted American psychologist has said, 'Worry is a spasm of the emotion’

一位有才华的美国心理学家曾经说过,烦恼是情感的发作

2. reveal (vt./n.显示;透露;揭露;泄露)

【近】make clear, prove, disclose, expose

uncovery, exposure to sth

3. appropriate(adj. 适当的;恰当的;合适的v.占用;拨出)

appropriately 适当地;合适的;相称地

【近】suitable, proper, adequate, becoming

【反】inappropriate

Behave appropriately and ask intelligent questions.

举止要得体,提问要机智。

4. digital(adj. 数字的;手指的n.数字;键)

digital camera 数字摄像机;数字照相机

digital technology 数字技术

The new digital technology would allow a rapid expansion in the number of TV channels.

新的数码技术可使电视频道的数量得以快速增多。

5. reconstruct(v. 重建,改建,复全;重构;还原)

Construct vt. 建造,构造;创立

construction 建设;建筑物;解释;造句

constructive 建设性的;推定的;构造上的;有助益的

【近】restore, rebuild

The war came to an end; many things were waiting to be done. The people had to make every effort to reconstruct their country.

战争结束,百废待举, 人民全力以赴,重建自己的国家。

6. increasingly (adv.越来越多地;渐增地)

increasingly popular(or sought-after) profession 不断走红的职业

increasingly demanding customers and intensifying competition

顾客的要求越来越高,竞争越来越激烈

on the increase正在增长

The vice of drinking is increasing.

酗酒之风正在增长。

7. concerned(adj. 有关的;关心的)

We are deeply concerned to get out of this problematic situation.

我们非常想摆脱这种问题重重的局面。

concerned with 关心;涉及;忙于;与…有关

concerned about 关心;担忧

You may skip through a book, reading only those passages concerned.

你可以跳读一本书, 只拣那些有关的段落读一下即可。

Concerning prep. 关于;就…而言

He heard nothing concerning this matter.

关于这件事他什么都没听到。

8. survey (n./v.调查;测量;审视;纵览)

carry out a survey, conducted a survey

questionnaire survey 问卷调查

market survey 市场调查

A survey of 100 winter-swimmers in different age groups indicates that 80 percent originally suffered from diseases of some kind.

对100名不同年龄段的冬泳者作的调查表明, 其中80%的人原来都患有某种疾病。

9. overwhelming(adj. 压倒性的;势不可挡的)

Overwhelm(v.压倒;淹没;制服)

The resolution was adopted by an overwhelming majority.

这个决议经绝大多数赞成通过了。

The other women all seemed overwhelmingly confident.

其他的女士们似乎都令人难以应对地自信。

overwhelmingly 压倒性地;不可抵抗地

overwhelming superiority 绝对优势

10. pessimism(n.悲观;悲观主义)

In contrast to their pessimism, I myself was feeling a remarkable euphoria

与他们的悲观情绪相反,我却感到异常欣快。

An atmosphere of pessimism pervades the economy.

悲观的气氛笼罩着整个经济。

pessimistic 悲观的,厌世的;悲观主义的

pessimistically 悲观地

pessimist 悲观主义者

【反】Optimism

11. privacy(n.隐私;隐居;秘密)

We must respect others' privacy.

我们应该尊重别人的隐私。

【近】concealment,privateness

right of privacy 隐私权

individual privacy 个人隐私

privately 私下地;

private (adj. 私人的;私有的;私下的)

Privation(n.丧失,贫困,(被)剥夺)

Ignorance is mere privation.

无知是一种纯粹的贫乏

12. percent.(n.百分比,百分率;部分adj. 百分之的)

Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety percent perspiration.

天才是一分灵感加上九十九分汗水。--爱迪生

Percentage(n.百分比;百分率,百分数)

13. respondent(n.回答者;被告;反射)

60 percent of the respondents said they disapproved of the president's performance.

60%的调查对象表示不认可总统的表现。收藏

responsive (a.响应的;应答的;回答的)

respond(v.回答;作出反应;响应;有良好反应;作出灵敏反应)

Nerves respond to a stimulus. 神经对刺激会作出反应。

Please respond to the question.

请回答这个问题。

14. bother(v./n.打扰;使不安;担心;麻烦)

I am sorry to bother you with all this.

打扰你这么多真对不起。

bothersome 麻烦的;令人讨厌的

I have enough to contend with; don't bother me with your problems.

我的事都应付不过来了,别再拿你的事麻烦我了。

部分图文源自网络,如有侵权请联系管理员删除
  • MBA工商管理硕士
  • 最新资讯│考研干货│ 每日一练│备考故事
  • 扫码关注公众号
  • 请关注公众号

相关阅读

免费专业咨询 MBA/MPA/MPAcc/EMBA/MEM在职硕士辅导专家

免费讲座