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2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-美国应改变对山火的态度Pt.3

2022-09-19 来源:众凯考研英语二

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


For one thing, conversations about wildfires need to be more inclusive. Over the past decade, the focus has been on climate change—how the warming of the Earth from greenhouse gases is leading to conditions that worsen fires.

While climate is a key element,Moritz says, it shouldn’t come at the expense of the rest of the equation.

“The human systems and the landscapes we live on are linked, and the interactions go both ways,” he says. Failing to recognize that, he notes, leads to“an overly simplified view of what the solutions might be. Our perception of the problem and of what the solution is becomes very limited.”

短文翻译

首先,关于火灾的言谈范围需要更加广泛。在过去的十年中,关注点一直集中于气候变化——温室气体引发的全球变暖如何导致火灾条件加剧。

莫里兹说,尽管气候确实是一个关键因素,但不应因此放弃对其他因素均衡的关注。

“人类体系和我们生活的这片土地是彼此联系的,其互动是双向的,”他说道。他提出,如果不能认识到这一点,将会导致“一个关于解决方式的过于简单的看法。我们对问题及其解决方法的认识会(变得)十分局限。”

核心单词一览

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-美国应改变对山火的态度Pt.3

真题练习

*一定要做题哦

38. While admitting that climate is a key element, Moritz notes that______.

39.A.public debates have not settled yet

40.B.fire-fighting conditions are improving

41.C.other factors should not be overlooked

42.D.a shift in the view of fire has taken place

39. The overly simplified view Moritz mentions is a result of failing to ______.

40.A.discover the fundamental makeup of nature

41.B.explore the mechanism of the human systems

42.C.maximize the role of landscape in human life

43.D.understand the interrelations of man and nature

题目解析

38.【解析】本题是文中人物观点的细节题。根据题干的关键词climate is a key element及大写字母Moritz定位到第7段的内容。本句中Moritz提到“should not come at the expense of the equation”,正确答案C中的不应该忽视其他因素是对本句的同义转化与概括。

干扰项A的public debates来自第6段的the focus但未提及settle的话题,也非本题定位句;

干扰项B的conditions是第6段的最后一句conditions that worsen fires,偷换动词worsen与improving;

干扰项D的a shift in the view of是出现在第五段,时态错误,原文是would require,选项是has taken place。

39.【解析】本题目为原因细节题。根据题干关键词simplified view Moritz定位到第8段的第二句,前文中说“the human systems and the landscapes... are linked and the interactions go both ways”,人类与环境是相联系的,并且是相互作用的。正确答案D的interrelations是原文中interactions同义替换,man and nature同义替换原文的human... and landscapes。干扰项A原文未提及;选项B的human systems是原词,但是并无mechanism,偷换概念;选项C的landscape和human是原词出现,但添加无关信息maximize。

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